Foot-and-Mouth Disease

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), sometimes referred to as "hoof and mouth", is a highly contagious viral disease of cattle and other cloven-hooved animals such as pigs, sheep, and goats. FMD is not a public health concern and does not affect food safety. Signs of illness in affected animals include fever, blisters that become ulcers on the mouth, tongue, feet or teats, increased salivation or slobbering in cattle, decreased feed consumption, and lameness.

The last FMD outbreak in the U.S. was in 1929; however, the disease is common in other parts of the world and therefore poses a risk to the U.S. If FMD is diagnosed in the U.S., the control measures would include movement restrictions which will affect over-the-road transport of live animals and animal products (milk, colostrum, semen, embryos).